..... "Old soldiers never die - they just fade away."

................................. ......General Douglas Mac Arthur

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General Douglas Mac Arthur
Gen Douglas Mac Arthur

The 161st Parachute Engineer Company
Unit Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation


[General Orders No....112]                                                                                                              A.P.O. 501
                                                                                                                                                       8 May 1945

Unit Citation

By direction of the President under the provisions of Executive Order 9396 (sec. I, Bulletin 22,WD , 1943), superseding Executive Order 9075 (sec. III, WD Bulletin 2, WD. 1942), and Section IV, Circular No. 333, WD, 1943, the following unit is cited by the Commanding General, United States Army Forces in the Far East:

The 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment, with the following attached units:
462d Field Artillery Battalion
3d Battalion, 34th Infantry Regiment
C Company, 161st Airborne Engineer Battalion
     (Now 161st Airborne Engineer Company)

18th Portable Surgical Hospital (Reinforced)
3d Platoon, Anti-Tank Company, 34th Infantry Regiment
3d Platoon, CannonCompany, 34th Infantry Regiment
3d Platoon, Company C, 3d Engineer Battalion Company A, 34th Infantry Regiment
3d Platoon, Company C, 24th Medical Battalion Detachment, Service Company, 34th Infantry Regiment
Battery A, 950th AAA (AW) Battalion
174th Ordnance Service Detachment (Bomb Disposal Squad)
Detachment, 592d Engineer Boat and Shore Regiment
Detachment, 98th Signal Battalion
Detachment, 1st Platoon, 603d Tank Company
Detachment, 592d Joint Assault Signal Company
Detachment, 6th Support Air Party
Combat Photo Unit A, GHQ Signal Section
Combat Photo Unit Q, GHQ Signal Section

These units, organized as a task force, distinguished themselves by extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance of duty in action against the enemy from 16 to 28 February 1945. This force was directed to seize the enemy-held island fortress of Corregidor, one of the most difficult missions in the Pacific War.

A long prepared and fanatical enemy, strongly intrenched in numerous tunnels, caves, dugouts and crevices, awaited the assault in commanding and extensively fortified positions. The small dropping area for parachutists was bordered extensively by sheer cliffs, with resultant variable air currents and eddies; and previous bombings and naval gunfire had cut trees and shrubs close above the ground, creating hazardous stakes which threatened to impale descending troops. The approach by sea, through shallow water known to be mined, led to a beach protected by land mines.

At 0830 on 16 February, the initial assault was made by parachute drop on terrain littered with debris and rubble. Heavy casualties were sustained. Two hours later the amphibious elements advanced by sea through the mine field to the beach; and, though many lives were lost and much equipment destroyed by exploding mines, this element moved rapidly inland under heavy enemy fire seized Malinta Hill.

Meanwhile the airborne elements, though subjected to intense enemy fire and suffering increasing casualties, were organized into an aggressive fighting force as a result of the initiative of commanders of small units. Advancing doggedly against fanatical resistance, they had by nightfall, secured "The Top of the Rock", their initial objective.

On the following morning the entire task force began a systematic reduction of enemy positions and the annilihation of the defending force. Innumerable enemy tunnels and caves were sealed by demolition after hand-to-hand fighting, only to have the enemy emerge elsewhere through an intricate system of inter-connecting passageways. Direct fire of our supporting weapons, employed to seal tunnels and caves, often resulted in the explosion of enemy emplaced demolitions and ammunition dumps, causing heavy casualties to our troops. Under increasing pressure the enemy, cut off from reinforcements, exploded demolitions in tunnels, destroying themselves as well as elements of our task force. At the completion of this desperate and violent struggle, 4509 enemy dead were counted. Prisoners taken totaled 19.

Throughout the operation all elements of the task force, combat and service troops alike, displayed heroism in the highest degree. Parachuting to earth or landing on mined beaches, they attacked savagely against a numerically superior enemy, defeated him completely, and seized the fortress. Their magnificent courage and resourcefulness tenacity and gallantry avenged the victims of Corregidor of 1942, and achieved a significant victory for the United States Army.

FEXD 200.6

BY command of General MacArthur:                    Richard J. Marshall
Maj Gen, General Staff Corp
Chief of Staff

Official:                             R. E. FRAILE
Colonel, A.G.D.,
The Adjutant General

                                     ( Source: "Melinda Janzen" niece of T/5 George L Taylor - 462nd PFAB)

R E L A T E D   B O O K S

Ambrose, Stephen E D-DAY June 6,1944: The Climatic Battle of WW II. 6/93, Simon & Shuster ISBN: 0671673343
Badsey , Stephen & Chandler, David G (Editor)  Arnhem 1944: Operation "Market Garden" (Campaign No.24) 1993 96p. ISBN: 1855323028
Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, 1989 621 p. ISBN: 0-312-03350-8
Breuer, William B Operation Dragoon: The Allied Invasion of the South of France. Presidio Press, Sept 1987 261 p. ISBN: 0891413073
Davis, Donald A Lightning Strike: The Secret Mission to Kill Admiral Yamamoto and Avenge Pearl Harbor. New York: St. Martin Press, (March, 2005) 400 p. ISBN: 0-312-30906-6
D'Este, Carlo  Patton: A Genius for War 1024 pp ISBN: 0060927623
De Trez, Michel  At the Point of No Return : Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers in the Invasion of Normandy 7/98, D-Day Pub, 200 p. ISBN: 2960017617
De Trez, Michel  First Airborne Task Force: Pictorial History of the Allied Paratroopers in the Invasion of Southern France 7/98, D-Day Pub, 500 p. ISBN: 2960017625
Gavin, James M.  On to Berlin : Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946 ISBN: 0670525170
Golden, Lewis Echoes From Arnhem Penguin ISBN: 0718305213
MacDonald, Charles B  A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow & Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574
McKenzie, John  On Time, On Target Novato, CA: Presidio, May 15,2000. 304 p. ISBN: 089 141 714 1
O'Donnell, Patrick K. Into the Rising Sun: In Their Own Words, World War II's Pacific Veterans Reveal the Heart of Combat  Free Press, 3/13/2002, 320 p. ISBN: 0743214803
Ryan, Cornelius  A Bridge Too Far 670p. ISBN: 0684803305
Wildman, John B All Americans 82nd Airborne. Meadowlands Militaria, 6/83 ISBN:091 208 1007
The Center of Military History The War in the Mediterranean: A WWII Pictorial History Brasseys, Inc., 465 p. ISBN:1574881302
Yardley, Doyle R  Home Was Never Like This. Yardley Enterprises, Aug, 2002, 312 p. ISBN:0971743908
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