17th Airborne Division

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.......but they are won by men."

........................................... ......General George S. Patton

 
 
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(above picture)
193rd GIR
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R E L A T E D
S I T E S

Camp Mackall in World War II

Camp Forrest in World War II

Dead Man's Ridge (The Drop Zone)

ETO Cross Channel Attack (Hyperwar)
The 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment
Reports (After Action Report)


After Action Report for the 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment

My thanks to the people at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) for the following documentation, and to Jim Black (jdblack@jblack.com) for the position map. I have reproduced the document as true to the original as I could. A glossary of acronyms and terms is provided at the end of this document, following the position map.

This document is an hour-by-hour account of the 193rd GIR's time in the Ardennes, January 1945.
Send comments to: John M. Senick (JMSenick@aol.com and/or Talon17AB@aol.com)



HEADQUARTERS

193rd GLIDER INFANTRY

A.P.O. 452, c/o PM, NY, NY

2 February 1945

SUBJECT: Action Against Enemy, Reports After

TO: Commanding General, 17th Airborne Division, APO 452

c/o Postmaster, New York, NY.

 

CHALK CT JOURNAL

   

TIME

INCIDENTS, MESSAGES, ORDERS,ETC.

 

ACTION TAKEN

19 Dec 44

1200

Regiment received alert orders (verbal) at 1130 from Div thru Aide de Camp to CG to prepare for air-landed operation to the Continent.

Meeting of all staff O's and Bn CO's at 1145.

Meeting with Co CO's at 1300.

(NOTE): Because the Regt was divided into separate elements for departure, a chronological report of the activities of each to include arrival at destination has been recorded. Thereafter entries are recorded in proper sequence

 

 

SEABORNE ELEMENT

   

21 Dec 44

0745

Departed Camp Chiseldon.

 

 

1800

Arrived  Wyemouth, England. Embarked at 1930.

 

 

22 Dec 44

0800

Anchored off LaHarve, France.

   

23 Dec 44

1300

Proceeded up the Seine River to Rouen, France. Anchored at dark.

   

24 Dec 44

1100

Arrived Rouen. Disembarked at 1130. Left Rouen by truck convoy at 1530 for Mourmelon.

   

25 Dec 44

0415

Arrived Mourmelon. Set up CP.

   

26 Dec 44

2200

Placed on alert for reported enemy prcht landing.

   

29 Dec 44

1400

Moved forward to Charleville, France. 

   

 

SECOND BATTALION

   

20 Dec 44

2000

2nd Battalion departed Cp Chiseldon for marshalling area, Cp. Membury in preparation for flight. Weather unfavorable for flying. Flight cancelled.

 

Bn rested up. Held calisthenics. Care & cleaning of weapons.

22 Dec 44

2000

Orders received thru liaison officer to unload all planes. Planes being used for supply missions.

 

Complied with Planes unloaded by 230130.

24 Dec 44

1400

Bn reloaded all planes. Made ready for flight.

 

1700

Bn less 30 men E Co., 20 men F Co., took off as scheduled.

   

1950

Landed airfield vicinity of Prunay. Proceeded to Mourmelon.

   

25 Dec 44

0400

Bn closed in at Mourmelon.

 

Housing facilities prepared for balance of Regt. Housed by 502nd Prcht Regt.

2000

Warning order issued by CG, Commodore.

 

Bn moved to vicinity of Boulzicourt.

26 Dec 44

0800

Field order recd from Commodore constituting 193rd CT (2nd Bn, 680th FA Bn, Co A,139th Engr, 1st Plat 224th Med, II French Bn.)

   

1030

Advance party consisting of Col Schorr, Col Balish, Col Oswald, Capt Cross and Capt McCrary departed Mourmelon. Arrived Hq 392nd Engr, Charleville at 1700.

   

1800

Chalk CT rel'd for attachment to 392nd Engr. 382nd Engr was atchd to Chalk CT

   
 

BILLETING PARTY

   

21 Dec 44

0800

Capt Jarrard joined group at Div Hq as Billeting O for the 193rd.

   

1530

Departed Camp Chiseldon for marshalling area, Greenham Commons.

 

Unfavorable weather. Flight postponed.

24 Dec 44

1604

Departed airfield - landed at Orlens at 1820.

   

25 Dec 44

1000

Left Orlens - Arrived at airstrip A-79 near Prunay at 1140. Moved to Camp Mourmelon by 1600.

 

Rejoined unit.

 

FIRST BATTALION

   

21 Dec 44

1830

Departed Cp Chiseldon for marshalling area in preparation for take-off.

 

Weather conditions unfavorable for flying. Care & cleaning of equip.

26 Dec 44

1430

Bn departed for destination. One plane failed to take off due to mechanical defects.

   

1730

Arrived at airstrip A-79. First echelon arrived Mourmelon at 2100. Co C closed in at 270300. Upon completion of move to Mourmwlon, Bn moved to Boulzicourt as directed by orders to advance party who accompanied 2nd Bn.

   

27 Dec 44

0300

Bn moved out - arrived at Boulzicourt at 0830. Bn was guided by Lt. Piper who was liaison O from Commodore to Meziers.

 

Placed in Regtl reserve and billeted in the Mil.Bks.

1545

Co A on orders from Col Schorr proceeded to a point 2 miles E of Mouzon to assist 194th in the apprehension of 50 German prchts reproted dropped at 1500.

 

No enemy encountered. On orders from Commodore 2nd Plat Co A supplemented bridge guard at Mouzon. Retired at 280900.

 

REGTL HQ AND HQ CO

   

22 Dec 44

1400

Departed Cp Chisledon for marshalling area in preparation for flight. Established CP at 1630. Weather unfavorable for flying.

   

27 Dec 44

1220

Hq & Hq Co with remaining staff personnel departed for destination. Arrived airfield vicinity of Prunay at 1400. Moved via truck to Mourmelon. Men were fed and prepared to move out for Charleville Staff personnel left in advance. Arrived at 280300. Temporary housing was set up.

(NOTE): Entire Regiment now closed in to Charleville, France.

   

22 Dec 44

0855

G-3 Liaison O reports information rec that destination airfields have been strafed. On arrival all weapons will be loaded and troops deployed with utmost speed. All troops not actually employed in unloading will move to assembly areas off field and disperse. Fox holes and slit trenches will be dug. Air guards will be posted at field, assembly areas and on march to concentration area. Extended interval will be maintained between vehicles. Planes within range of any weapon will be fired upon. Dispersion between troops will be one hundred yards.

 

Bn CO's, Comdt, Pers Adj and Med Det CO called to CP. S-2 instructed to obtain all possible knowledge of field. Troops will be given this info only when definite knowledge of flight is known.

 

Jeeps to proceed to cp destination immediately upon landing.

2040

From G-3: Radio silence will be observed except for 610, 300, 536's.

   

27 Dec 44

0855

White S-3 reports 5-man enemy patrol encountered at 7980-3590 by 3-man patrol E Co. Our patrol leader a casualty. Action took place at 0400.

   

1626

Order recd from CG No Meuse Def Sect to send one liaison Officer to Hq located at Rocroi 0-693520.

 

Complied with

2050

Order recd from CG No Meuse Def Sect to send one Plat to rept to Hq in City Hall Bldg of Rocroi, reporting to Capt Lawler to be used as security for Hq.

 

Complied with

2130

From CG Commodore: An O from your unit will be stationed at each bridge in your sector regardless of weather. An O from some other unit is also stationed there. The O from your unit will be responsible for executing the plan.

 

Bn CO's notified

1500

50 enemy prchts reported dropped near Mouaon at 1130. Ordered to dispatch one rifle Co, motorized, to investigate.

  <

A Co dispatched at 1615. Retired approx 2200. Neg. report.

28 Dec 44

1400

 FO#2: Order issued to CT CO's Chalk Red and White to have 3 jeeps alerted to move as a patrol ineither direction. (Red to South, White to North) to help 392nd Engrs. To have patrols set up in each Co. with one squad held for this purpose. Anyone in defense positions will be dug in. French to be used out front and on flanks. Chalk Red to send patrols as far as Duncherry to recon. Routes S3 has blocked out entire area as a point system. Security at bridges. French to assist at bridges. Find location for sleeper patrols to front and report to us. Report information of change of status etc. Comm: Wiring laid to all bridges. Concealed fires are authorized.

   

28 Dec 44

0230

French MP's report enemy Prcht drop in vicinity of Duval.

 

Muscle notified. Report unconfirmed.

28 Dec 44

0400

Patrol from E Co. contacted a Gendarmes,firing took place. Sgt. Long, patrol leader killed.

   

28 Dec 44

0800

White Bn. relieved 392nd Engrs at the 5 City bridges. Nos. 10, 11, 14, 15, and 16.

   

28 Dec 44

     

2110

Orders received regarding patrolling of rear areas.

 

Chalk Red notified to keep one Co. motorized to move on half hour notice.

2120

---

   

2245

Msg. Received from Commodore to have 13 trk drivers report to Commodore at 1000 29 Dec 44.

 

Motor officer notified.

2250

Report from Co. F that one enemy paratrooper dropped at grid coord. (878-389) at approx 2100.

   

2300

Patrol investigating reported drop of 2 enemy paratroopers at grid coord. (878-389)

 

 

2300

Manning roadblocks.

 

Msg. Sent to CO's Chalk Red, Reg. Hq Co., CO Chateau, Muscle Love.

2310

Green flares at grid coord. (847-342). Evidently Aircraft signal. 15 min. after flare was seen enemy aircraft was heard.

 

Investigated.

29 Dec 44

FO#3: Issued by group Hqs. Enemy situation: See map. We have the job of defending the river line. The 392nd Engrs. Plus 2d Bn, French to defend River w/193rd generally in reserve. Hope to have every critical point tied in by wire and radio. No movement of troops on the river line. 2nd Bn. 193rd must have withdrawal plans prepared and assembly areas selected. 1st Bn 193rd submit requirements for movement by truck in any mission in any area but our own. 680th to duplicate 1st Bn. All units phone in number of trks they can spare except for adm needs. At critical points along river we have sent an Off. To look over our positions and make recommendations. Placement of weapons: Dig in camouflage, conceal. 2nd Bn. will take over Rd. blocks w/charges. Orders to blow craters to be given by 2nd Bn. CO 680th contact CO 115 FA in regard to including us in their plan. Move E Co. into town. Mission of II French given to Liaison O, in regard to defense of river line and establish 3 new road blocks in our Southern sector and comm. Set up to all units.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Msgs. Sent.

1300

Meeting of Staff O's, Bn CO's with Col Stubbs. Special meeting of Staff O's with Col Schorr.

 

 

1430

Lt Hanse with 5-man patrol reports two men challenged, fled into woods at grid coord 86-35.

   

1720

Muscle 2: Six suspects picked up by FFI at 870-395.

   

1845

Report lights at RR A-31 (from MP's).

 

Investigated by French found to be fire in a bucket.

1930

Air alert

 

Warning given by patrol who heard MG fire due to jammed weapon.

2240

Muscle Love now in communication with Chalk Red and Chalk White.

   

2330

Chalk 5 dispatched a patrol from Chalk Red to bridge at Thiley. Mission to determine status of bridges.

   

2400

Situation overlay showing disposition of mine fields sent to Muscle Hq.

   

30 Dec 44

     

0510

Footbridge blown 1200, 29 Dec 44. Hway bridge blown at same time. Bridge at Vauz 507-342 also blown. No information available as to authority for destruction of these bridges. Town of Vauz unguarded. Sgt of 507 Co C contacted in town of Montherme: stated CIC had contacted him as of 29 Dec 44, told Civil French Contractor that bridge was to be blown. Patrol sent to Eaglemonte at La Granville. Negative report.

 

 

 

Msg. phoned to Commodore 3.

1630

Memo from Col Schorr: A rehearsal movement of 1st Bn (Motorized) 193rd regtl res was conducted. At 1338 Bn CO recd orders to move immediately to Les Mazures and await further orders.

 

Adv guard left billets at 1357. Main body departed at 1400. Reached RJ 785-460 at 1432. Distance of 7 1/2 Miles.

2100

From Muscle Love: Man shot through arm at 883-253.

 

Investigation ordered.

2130

Memo from VIII Corps stating Unit under Corps jurisdiction. In case of withdrawal on Corps order will require 24 2 1/2 ton trucks with trailers from Commodore.

 

Info disseminated to staff.

2245

From Muscle Love: Considerable small arms fire S of daisy bridge.

   

31 Dec 44

     

0015

From Muscle Love: Firing reported from direction of river at 883-253.

 

Muscle Love investigating.

1000

Daily periodic reports, overlays atchd. Turned in to Commodore & Muscle.

   

1500

S-3 and Gen. Whitelaw inspected South Sector dispositions of CT.

   

1600

Co E moved into CP area of Chalk White.

   

2100

From G-4: Request No of trucks to move regt less "B" bags and duffel bags.

 

Report made to Commodore.

2110

MP report: Plane dropped bomb at Youzier at approx 2040. Reported light suspended aloft believed to be attached to ballon.

 

Balloon hauled down and found to contain a light. Turned over to G-2 (Armour). Investigation begun.

2120

From Muscle Love: Patrol of 2 or 3 French accompanied by 2 men of E Co reports signal light on hill between F1 and 2. Signal with 2 lights on and off 4 times/

 

Commodore and Group notified.

2355

Enemy plane strafed Chalk White & F Co. Tracer ammo used. Direction of fireN to S. No casualties.

 

Air alert sounded approx 2337. Commodore & Muscle notified.

1 Jan 45

     

0035

4 engined plane circled hill at grid coord 873-345 NW.

 

Investigating. Road guards doubled.

0040

Two persons ran low across road between La Grandville & St. Jauret.

 

Fired upon. Commodore notified.

0120

Two civilians claim that they saw 4 parachutes drop near Georgia Bridge.

 

Investigating.

0125

Report that Prchts. Dropped within vicinity of Mezieres. Information came from civilian authorities.

 

Investigation being made by 40 man French patrol.

0137

All clear signal given.

   

0105

Air alert - Bomber heard overhead.

   

0120

All clear signal given.

   

0800

Enemy plane strafing area. Alert given. No casualties.

   

1430

Gen. Whitelaw & S3 inspected Northern sector & checked on reports regarding Prcht drops.

   

1805

Memo fr Div. Discretion will be used on AA fire.

 

All units notified.

1815

CT less 392d Engrs, 1st Platoon 224th Med. Co. received notce to be ready to move out upon 2 hr. notice.

 

All notified. Preparation made.

1925

Make plans immediately to assemble your CT & be prepared to move on 2 hr. notice.

 

Complied with. Quartering party formed.

2115

Report from Road block 2. Small arms fire in that vicinity. (See overlay)

 

Investigation being made.

2200

Received movement order. Quartering party moved out to new location, Sibret, at 2330. Arrived at destination approx 0400 2 Jan 45.

   

2345

1st Bn. departed Charleville. Col. Schorr accompanied by Lt. Weaver departed along with 1st Bn. Arrived approx 0330, 2 Jan 45. Trucks released at 0600. Bn. assembled in woods at M.

   

2 Jan 45

     

0700

Established Chalk CP in Village. Awaited arrival of balance of Regt.

   

1750

Orders received fr Commodore. Move 2nd Bn. to woods 52-56 SW Bastogne. Send Liaison O reprot to Gen Taylor. Rest of regt. May move.

 

Chalk White notified & order out into effect.

1800

Lt. Caffy Liaison O. to report to 513th at 2200. Take 2 motor scooters, 1 radio operator, & 1 runner.

   

1800

Enemy broken through at Monty. Tanks observed.

 

Investigating.

       

4 Jan 45

     

1100

Established new CP at grid coord (526-585 - Map 1-50, 000)

   

1430

Arty shell hit Chalk CP. 3 injured.

 

Injured evacuated.

1700

Recd orders from Commodore that we be released from 101st Command and be prepared for movement orders. Alert orders recd from Commodore to move CT to area west of Bastogne and set up defensive positions in support of 513th

 

Released from 101st.

Bns notified. Movement orders given.

1800

Closed out CP,moved to new area.

   

2400

Established Chalk CP at new area awaited further orders. Dug in.

   

5 Jan 45

     

0500

Regt moved to new location near Bastogne. Bns dug in, prepared for defensive action. 1st Bn on MLR with 2nd Bn in reserve.

   

1000

1 Jeep hit AT mine on Hwy (Monty-Bastogne). 1 Killed, 6 injured.

 

Orders given to remain off shoulders of Hwy.

1030

Personnel of Regtl Hq & Hq Co dispersed into nearby woods for temporary concealment.

   

1240

Regtl CP established at 524-583 Map 1:25,000

   

1245

Dispositions of attached units requested by Chalk Hq.

   

1300

No enemy activity as yet. Patrols sent out.

 

Negative reports turned in by patrols.

1905

Order Recd from Commodore 6. Col Stubbs to report to CG's office at 2000.

   

2100

Chalk Red 6 reptd to Chalk CP with disposition of Bn.

 

Plotted on map.

6 Jan 45

     

0700

From Commodore 6: Tanks rept moving from W heading E in Div Area.

 

All units notified.

0730

S-3 called Kangaroo 3 requesting Engrs clear section to Monty in order that we might move tanks to that area.

 

Complied with.

1200

Tank O rept to Chalk CP-will take 1 plat of tanks up to Monty and will assist Engrs in a road block at 512-589.

   

1220

Gen Whitelaw visited Chalk CP to discuss preparations for the 193rd CT to take over the town of Monty.

   

1240

Gen departed CP, Col Stubbs accompanied him.

   

1530

Col Stubbs returned with plans for offensive action. Meeting of Bn & Unit CO's called.

 

Plans announced and discussed.

1615

Commodore 2: PWE locations requested. Charlie Co receiving Mortar fire.

 

C Co to retaliate - not to let up fire.

1710

Mr. Cianci departed CO to locate new setup for establishment of forward CP.

   

1735

Col Oswald arrived CP - given time and types of fire by Chalk 6.

   

1745

Enemy Arty fire coming into vicinity of CP.

 

No damage.

2045

Meeting of all Bn CO', Atchd Unit CO's, Sp Unit CO's and all S-3's with Col Stubbs. Review of plans - preparations were discussed. 1st Bn objective - Town of Flamizoulle. 2nd Bn objective - Woods E of Monty.

   

7 Jan 45

     

0800

Arty opened fire on time. Lifted 0815. Col Stubbs, Maj Lee,Capt Guerry, Mr Cianci, plus Em pers moved to fwd CP located in town of Monty. Attack jumped off as scheduled.

   

0815

Co's D and F reach first phase line.

 

Plotted on map.

0900

1st Bn reports tanks failed to move up in front of their position.

 

Tanks ordered to move forward.

0902

326th desired information on whereabouts of 1st Bn.

   

0903

1st Bn reports no change in position.

   

0905

1st Bn reports crossed LD.

   

0908

2d Bn reports Co D had no trouble reaching phase line "A". E Co in trouble. Both Co's on 1st phase line. 1st Bn now on 1st phase line. Co A reached phase line "A". No word from B Co.

   

0913

Chalk 6 telephoned Chalk 5 giving situation forward to Commodore.

   

0915

Both Bns have reached first phase line. Moving forward slowly.

   

0919

Report Co D reached phase line "A" OK. Co E had trouble but succeeded to reach line. Co A reached 1st phase line. 88 fire held up tanks - unable to locate 88s.

   

0922

Point A-16 recd sniper pistol fire.

   

0925

513th jumped off on time - had little opposition.

   

0929

Tank O reports tanks moving with 1st Bn (4 tanks).

   

0932

1st Bn reports capture of 10 prisoners.

   

0938

2nd Bn still on phase line A - cannot advance due to MG fire.

 

Concentrating Arty fire laid on MG's position.

0949

1st Bn requested tank aid.

 

Tanks ordered to move on.

0959

2d Bn nearly to phase line B.

 

Recorded

1000

4 prisoners captured by A Co.

 

Taken to PWE.

1008

Request for Arty fire on points 16-14-23. Chalk 6 from Keepsake.

 

Chalk 5 requested same from Keepsake.

1008

A Co driver reports approx 1 platoon lost. Chalk White approaching phase line B.

 

Commodore 3 notified.

1015

From Chalk White: E Co 100 yards from phase line B, struck by heavy automatic fire and mortar fire. Estimate losses one platoon. Directed to have reserve Co proceed to D Co sector and outflank their positions. Keepsake advised as to situation and agrees to put down fire on phase line B.

   

1020

Listening radio pick-up statement that one Co of 1st Bn has taken objective.

 

Found to be Co "A".

1028

Arty fire requested on edge of woods South of point 13.

 

Keepsake - Chelsea notified.

1042

German Co., reserves, coming from A31 to A30. 101st Arty now registering fire on them. 513th reports one platoon SE edge of Flamierge.

   

1050

Tank attack on Bastogne road near 480-523.

   

1050

B Co. has reached 2nd phase line.

   

1055

4 Prisoners taken in A Co. sector, 2 taken 6 Jan and 2 this date, Enemy found to be from 104th Reg, 11th Co, 15th Grenadiers. Reg was reinforced by 100 men last night. Brings Co strength up 25 men. They have assault guns, exact number unknown.

 

Commodore notified at 1100.

1114

Reported that tanks have arrived with troops.

   

1115

1st Bn pinned down due largely to 88 fire. C Co. replacing A Co. Both Bns have committed reserves.

 

Information given to Lia. O at 1125.

1120

A Co being withdrawn into defensive position in vicinity phase line A.

   

1140

Arty fire hitting town

   

1142

B Co. 1st Bn receiving light counterattack.

   

1147

8 German prisoners taken from C Co sector. Found to be from 3d, 10th & 11th Cos. Of the 104th Reg, 3d Bn. Enemy in 1st Bn objective.

   

1155

513th have captured town of Flamierge.

   

1210

Gen Miley visited Chalk fwd CP.

   

1215

Receiving mortar fire near CP.

   

1240

Reports that 513th firing on B Co.

 

Gen Miley ordered the 513th to cease fire immediately.

1245

Arty fire requested on the following points: 10, 11, 12, 13, and 16. One platoon A Co reported with 2nd Bn.

   

1310

Mortar shell hit near CP. Several casualties.

   

1320

Points 5 and 6 clearing.

 

Request repeat of MSG. Reply: Clearing woods.

1325

Requesting fire by the defensive phase line at grid coord: 486624-489625 4906.

   

1330

E Co. in trouble, F Co. committed. This is all I have. MSG came from 2nd Bn.

   

1410

Tank support being sent to 2nd Bn.

   

1410

Commodore 6 visited rear CP. Made arrangements for Arty concentration on pts. 19 and 22.

 

Concentration fired.

1435

From 2nd Bn: D & F Co abreast E Co in rear as reserve. Pinned down by Arty fire. Suggest withdrawal.

   

1450

Col Stubbs orders 1st Bn to withdraw to C Co positions. Set up defensive positions.

   

1500

Direct hit scored on forward CP. Casualties as yet unknown.

   

1515

Second concentration of Arty fired on pts. 19-21.

   

1515

"Screaming Meemies" hit fwd CP.

   

1530

Gen Whitelaw visited CP stated that Gen Miley directs withdrawal under cover of darkness.

   

1530

27 Prisoners being sent to Div.

   

1535

Col Stubbs departing fwd CP to join rear CP. Fwd CP to join rear CP, joining in sections.

   

1545

Col Stubbs returned to rear CP. Plans for the withdrawal of troops being planned.

   

1620

Chalk White withdrawing. Arty and Mortar fire extremely heavy. Chalk Red occupies position it held prior to attack this AM.

 

Commodore 6 notified. Keepsake to fire Arty at pts. A12, 13, 25, and 37.

1700

Arty concentration asked for on pts. A13, 14, 15 & 16.

 

Concentration fired.

1730

4 men, 3 Off. Captured in C Co area.

   

2100

Co A recd MG fire - requested Arty fire.

   

2230

11th Armored Gen Holbruk, CCA informed us he was in position shown on operations map to support counterattack, such action only with permission of Corps. Liaison O Ross CCA reported for duty at CP. Gen Holbruk shown our situation.

   

2300

Lt Sames given instructions for 2 night patrols. Patrols leave at 0130 return at 0430. F Co to fill in gap between Chalk Red and A Co of 327th.

   

8 Jan 45

     

0500

Chalk Red: Patrols unable to penetrate enemy positions. Went out 500 to 600 yards, stopped by MG fire.

   

0515

Chalk White 2 observed orange prcht flare to their right flank, also tracer fire 300 yards to front in woods.

   

0600

Chalk Red 2: Arty fire hitting into woods over C Co from direction of Red CP. Burst followed by whistle.

   

0745

Chalk Red recd Arty fire and MG fire. Situation unknown. Line at forward CP knocked out.

 

Col Schorr alerted Chalk White.

0830

Ordered all units to search out MG fire.

   

1000

513th being attacked by tanks and infantry.

 

Withdrawing.

1005

Commodore 5: Chancellor being hit hard in their sector from N and NW.

 

Chalk Red notfied to have tanks and TD's ready.

1010

Chalk 6 held meeting of all Bn CO's, SP units, and Atchd Unit CO's.

   

1012

Chelsea Liaison O: Enemy MG fire located at 507614. 8-truck enemy convoy spotted moving between Fays and Rheuehe.

 

Arty fire placed on enemy position. 3 trucks known to have turned back. 

1150

To Chalk Red: Units of Chariot in woods - make contact with them. Contact us when same is made.

 

1215

2nd Bn alerted to move through Monty between Chalk Red and Chariot. 

 

 

1220

B Co 1st Bn receiving Mortar fire. Gen Whitelaw visited CP. 

 

 

1230

63rd Inf - 11th Armored moved A Co into woods near Bois des Valet. 

 

 

1730

2 Patrols being sent out at 1930 to return at 2100. 

 

Negative report. 

1730

Upon request fire to be concentrated on the following points: 4910 - 6010 - 4912 - 6610 - 4918 - 6000 - 4932 - 5982.

   

1800

Order from Commodore: Be prepared to take over from Champs to present positions.

 

Chalk 3 & Chalk White 3 sent to investigate area, observe positions, etc.

1900

Col Harper (Keepsake) visited CP - Planned with Chalk 6 method & manner of relief.

   

9 Jan 45

     

0200

Chalk Red reports Monty being shelled by mortar fire.

   

0205

Chalk Red 3 reports searchlight at 330face=Symbol> from his forward CP.

   

0500

5 rounds Arty fire at Regtl CP.

   

0600

Order received from Commodore as to plans and preparations to be put into effect.

   

0615

2 Co's reptd at Pt A2 and 3.

   

0655

5 Tanks parked at 495-607.

   

0655

Unknown number of tanks at 486-614.

   

0845

Red 6 told to reconnoiter woods at 522-611 for possible reserve position, also OP which will have to be dug in.

   

0925

Gen Whitelaw visited Chalk CP.

   

0935

Ordered Chalk White 6 to have all AT guns in their present positions until further notice.

   

1020

Advance party of Chariot arrived at CP of Chalk Red. Chancelor taking over Chalk White positions.

   

1115

Commodore 5 and 6 visited Chalk CP.

   

1200

Col Coutts outlined positions of area being taken over by Chancelor.

   

1305

C Co. under Arty fire.

   

1400

Elements of 602 TD Atchd to Chalk CT.

 

Elements divided between Bns.

1315

Chalk White moving out. Regtl Hq foot elements moving out to new location.

   

1415

Chalk White cleared old area.

   

1430

Advance CP party departing Chalk CP for new area.

   

1450

Chalk 5 departed CP for new location.

   

1500

S-1 Section departed CP. Arrived new location 1630. New CP established at Hemroulle.

   

1845

Keepsake Red reports that enemy building up in Givery - amount unknown.

   

1845

Keepsake 2 reports vehicle traffic going SW from Givery to Frenet. Number unknown.

   

2130

Chalk White reports contact made with elements on right flank.

 

Plotted

10 Jan 45

     

0900

Chalk White 2 reports mortar fire in vicinity of CP.

   

0900

Chalk White 2 reports men digging in at 51756280.

   

1030

Gen Whitelaw visited Chalk CP, consulted with Chalk 6.

   

1045

Meeting of Bn, Sp Unit, and Atchd Unit CO's.

   

1050

Chalk 3: Requested Commodore to send detail of mine sweepers, demolition men to clear area of 2nd Bn

   

1100

Chelsea reports an estimated Bn of enemy troops in woods in grid square 50-61.

 

Requested Arty fire on area.

1145

Commodore reports that Flamizoulle will be bombed this morning.

   

1147

12 Fighter Planes of US Forces heard over Chalk CP.

   

1245

Commodore 2 reports town of Renoumont bombed. Also woods 2 miles N of same town. Town also appears to be evacuated. Burning vehicle observed in town. No troops observed in wooded area.

 

Recorded on Situation Map. Commodore 6 notified.

1245

Unidentified tank 3/4 mile from Renaumont heading South.

   

1430

S1 & S4 moved to new CP.

   

1500

Established new CP in center of town. No activity during the night. Patrol reports, negative.

   

11 Jan 45

     

0330

Chalk White 5 reports an enemy patrol was inside our lines. Patrol from Chalk White reports 4 halftracks at 507627 moving North.

   

0720

Chalk White 2 reports about 8 rounds of 155 Arty falling around Chalk White CP.

   

0809

Chalk Red reports enemy infantry activity at Cross Roads 508609.

 

Commodore notified.

0955

Report from Chalk White that enemy Scout Car sighted at 506626. Moving N.

   

1042

OP Chalk White observed Rocket Launcher at 498626.

 

Arty Fire requested.

1315

Charlie Co. receiving 88 fire.

 

Arty Fire requested. Observation Plane to check area in vicinity of 487-623.

1500

Captain Hart AT O. given positions to place AT protection around the Regt.

   

1600

2 patrols to be sent out after dark for recon work.

   

1810

From Chalk White 6. Tanks moving down SW of Givery. He requests Arty fire.

 

Supporting Arty notified.

1830

Unknown number of tanks moving from Rouett to Givery.

   

2115

Planes dropped leaflets in Chalk White area.

 

Leaflets sent to Div.

2130

Chariot captured 30 men, 1 Officer, at 48456078. Left to reorganize the 9th PZ Div. Prisoners were in Flamierge & were to move to 48456078.

   

2320

Chalk Red patrol reports: Heard vehicle movement in woods.

   

12 Jan 45

     

0415

Eco sent combat patrol to locate enemy using sound power telephone.

   
 

Illuminating shells or flares every 15 or 20 minutes.

   

0715

Chalk White observed green and amber flares.

   

0745

From G3 Commodore: Warning order to turn over 3 TDs.

 

Chalk 5 called G3, asked for return of our AT outfits.

0930

1st Bn relieved of their positions by 513th at approx 2000 11 Jan.

   

0930

Chalk White 3 reports small arms fire coming from Givert. Lights observed in houses.

 

Arty fire requested.

1135

Chalk White sent out daylight patrol at approx 1100. Patrol has met up with something in woods west of positions.

 

Chalk White will notify Chalk as to results.

1155

Chalk 5 alerted Hqs & Hqs Co. to be prepared for movement.

   

1250

Chalk White reports capture of 2 prisoners.

 

Turned over to unit IPW team for interrogation.

1320

Chalk White captured 3 more prisoners.

 

Being interrogated.

1320

Prisoner No. 1 captured by Chalk White comes from 5th Co 77th Reg, VG Div. Prisoner's Co has between 90-100 men. One of the stronger Cos of the VG Div. He had been in woods for 4 days.

   

1415

60 to 100 men reported to be movin NW at 511630.

   

1700

Chalk Red reports that 12-15 rounds of Arty fire fell nearby their positions.

   

1800

Det. Of 12 men atchd to Chalk CT from Co A 139th Engrs.

 

Det. Atchd to 1st Bn.

1820

E Co. reports motor movement at 501623. Movement from S to N.

   

2330

Warning order received from Commodore thru Capt. Lyerly, 193rd CT has mission of clearing Flamizoulle and follow 507th N clearing all woods in vicinity.

 

Chalk 6 held meeting with Bn. COs. Briefing plans and preparations were installed. 1st Bn. to be prepared to leave at 0830.

13 Jan 45

     

0110

Chalk White patrol reports; did not reach objective. No movement in Givery. Outposts investigated - None.

   

0815

Arty barrage opening up in support of attack.

   

0830

I & R Platoon to precede 1st Ban. Keep contact with 513th ad 1st Bn.

   

0840

155 FA Bn released from Chalk and atchd to 513th.

   

1000

From Liaison O Chariot: Ans to questions NR1 Cpl Pierson now checking route will report. Ans to question NR2: No; suggest Engrs assist Chariot. Chariot White reached 1st phase line 0930.

   

1005

Chariot Red and Blue still occupy town and woods x respectively. All Chariot N Bastogne Hwy, will report further.

   

1025

Liaison O: Charlotte reached 1st phase line without opposition. Chancellor moving in support.

   

1030

Gen. Whitelaw visited CP.

   

1040

Chalk Red moving out.

   

1110

Reg CO, Ex O, and S3 moved to Monty.

   

1052

From Liaison O: Chariot Red now moving to pass through Chariot White. Continue to phase line 2. Blue still occupies woods X. Am now moving to town P with Chariot 6.

   

1230

Rear CP moved forward at 1230.

   

15 Jan 45

1200

Reg CP established at Frenct. Received orders from Div. To move to Bertogne. Atchd to Batman. Reg moved into assembly area SE of Bertogne approx 1600, where Chalk Red was immediately moved by truck to defensive positions N of Nourville in CCA sector. Reg atchd to CCA w/193d less 2nd Bn., 2nd AT Platoon N of Nourville under Task Force Stubbs. Reg. CP est. in Withimost atchd to Task Force Bell in position.

   

0800

At 1000 Task Force Bell to attack with Task Force Stubbs assisting with fire through the attack

   

1107

Task Force Bell reports that they have reached Western Edge of objective. No resistance.

   

1111

From CO Chalk Red: Patrol reports negative for 1st quarter hour.

   

1124

From CO Chalk White: Objective taken.

   

1136

From CO Chalk White: Request IPW team be sent me.

 

Team sent.

1145

From Chalk Red: My patrol has reached halfway point without incident.

   

1245

Fwd echelon CP moved out to new location.

   

1310

Est fwd Chalk CP at grid coord 557646.

 

Rear CP notified.

1343

From Chalk Red: Patrol reports enemy activity at Fazone (stream) grid coord 758900.

   

1345

Now firing Arty on Area A.

 

Objective hit.

1400

From Chalk Red: Two prisoners captured.

 

Returned to PWE at one at Bloodstains location.

1405

From Chalk Red: Patrol reports enemy MG fire to their left rear.

 

Arty fire to be placed on area.

1410

Arty fire on woods east of Area A.

 

Chalk Red 6 notified.

1415

Monarch directs movement of big stuff towards objective to be expedited.

 

Notified Batman of same and to contact Chalk Red immediately.

1420

2 prisoners brought to Chalk CP by EM of B Co.

 

Questioned by S2.

1425

Continuing and mopping up as we go. Picking up prisoners. Report from Chalk Red.

 

Request No. of prisoners. Reply: A few.

1445

Chalk 5 reported to CP.

   

1455

From CO Chalk Red: Now engaged in mopping up & taking prisoners.

   

1458

2 prisoners brought to Chalk CP.

 

Questioned.

1503

3 more prisoners brought in. White phosphorous 200 yards SE edge of obj.

 

Questioned

1515

From CO Chalk Red: Pinned down by MG fire on my right. Bn S3 reports front line at 567668. Now pinned down.

   
 

Reported that town of Compogne has been taken - 200 prisoners captured. "B" men questioned as to B Co. position.

   

1540

Arty ordered to fire smoke on area for Red. Shells falling to left of target.

   

1555

Tanks moving in to support Chalk Red.

   

1615

Chalk Red held up by slight resistance but now moving forward. About 800 yards from objective.

   

1630

Chalk White now back with 193d.

   

1635

Total No. of prisoners brought to PWE 20.

   

1730

Chalk Red holding up for the night. Sending patrols into town.

 

Patrols found town vacated.

16 Jan 45

     

0800

Chalk Red objective taken during early morning. Awaiting further orders.

   

1000

Quartering party sent out to locate new CP.

   

1045

Forward element of Chalk departed for new CP location.

   

1130

Arrived and est. new CP in town of Compogne.

   

1300

Rear elements of Chalk CP plus Reg. Hq. Co. arrived at new CP location.

   

1330

Col. Stubbs departed CP for Recon.

   

1500

Quartering party departed CP to locate new location.

   

1600

Est. new CP in Nabompre at approx. 1545.

   

1700

Rear elements of CP arrived at approx. 1730.

   

2000

TF Stubbs organizes defensive in sector, establishes Bn. with CCB on right flank, coords patrols with CCB and Task Force Bell. Established road blocks and obstacles as required, especially at Vie Cowan.

   

17 Jan 45

0400

Reports from prisoners taken vicinity of road block. 15 prisoners captured. Est. 80 Germans located in Cowan with strong point west of the twon. Unable to put in proposed road block as yet. Sporadic fighting in SE sector, of Chalk Red. CCB reported to have outpost along Hwy 2. Contact was made with same at 610700.

   

1000

Mr. Cianci departed CP to reconnoiter area for housing of 193d Regt.

 

Regt. Found section crowded, departed for Bertogne.

1115

Report from S2 Chalk Red that Co C has received small arms fire and Mortar fire.

 

Arty fired indirection of fire falling upon C Co.

1245

CCA visited CP. Departed at 1305.

   

1530

Regt being relieved by 507th. Reverted back to Div. Control. Mission at present time: AT Defense on main road EW leading to Vouge.

   

18 Jan 45

     

0800

Regt. Remained in rest area.

   

19 Jan 45

     

1100

Meeting of 1st Bn Co & Co Comdrs with Col Stubbs at 1300. Meeting at 1300 of same officers only from 2nd Bn.

   

1400

Regt still in rest area. Reports of S2 and S3 submitted throughout the day and night to Div.

   

20 Jan 45

     

1100

Received FO #6 from Commodore thru Lt. Weaver. Mission for Div, is to attack H Hour on 21 Jan 45 to capture objective and defeat enemy in Z. 193d Gli. Inf. Is to move to position shown on Div. O (overlay).

 

Sent various Officers to reconnoiter areas.

1300

Capt. Lyerly, Liaison O, brought change in FO. 193d position changed slightly. Assembly area further south. (See overlay). Move upon Div orders.

   

1330

Chalk 6 held meeting with Bn. COs prepare for movement.

   

1400

At approx 1200, Col Marshall, Deputy Historian Theatre of Operations in ETO interviewed Col Stubbs, Col Schorr, Col Balish, and Col Ashworth on events that occurred during recent operations.

   

21 Jan 45

     

0800

Submitted negative reports to G2 and G3 throughout the night. At approx 0400 received orders from Commodore giving H-Hour, time of departure, etc.

   

1015

Quartering party consisting of representatives from each Bn and Reg Hq Co. to locate new CP and assembly area.

   

1430

Advance CP party arrived approx 1400. Est. CP in woods at grid coord. At approx 1500 remainder of troops arrived at CP locations.

   

1545

Main body of troops arrived. Troops dug in.

   

22 Jan 45

     

0800

A quartering party consisting of representatives of each Bn, Reg Hq. And Reg Hqs Co departed for new location.

   

1130

Established new CP at Rouvroy Farm.

   

1309

2nd Bn. to occupy the woods, NE sector, 1st Bn. to follow and occupy northern section of woods and set up positions. 2nd Bn. to outpost the woods to the east. Reg. Hq. To follow both Bns. Bn. COs given order to depart for for areas as soon as possible. AT platoon ordered to move out and set up respective defensive positions. 2nd Bn vehicles to move along with respective Bns. Forward echelon of CP to leave current CP at 1345.

   

1400

Gen. Miley came to CP. Instructed Col. Schorr as to disposition of troops. Arty Liaison Os and TDs being atchd.

   

1415

Quartering party departed CP to locate new area with I&R patrol and 20 man patrol from E Co.

   

1430

Rear CP plus Hq. Co. moved forward to new location, town 1/2 mile S of Limerle.

   

1500

Reg. CP est. in town of Halt, name given in lieu of actual name of town.

   

1600

Advance CP group arrived ahead of quartering party. Est CP in town of Halt. Bn. quartering parties reconnoitering their locations.

   

2300

Lts Piper and Mullet to be awakened at 0430. Os will receive instructions for patrols starting at 0530 23 Jan 45. 6 I&R men plus two radio operators to be alerted at same time.

   

23 Jan 45

     

0200

All tanks of 761st have been atchd to 513th. They are not available to support us.

   

0300

G3 states that Arty will be available to us for direct support.

   

0330

Chalk Red Patrol investigated town of Hautbellain. Found to be empty at approx 2030.

   

0700

Order of movement: 2nd Bn 811th, 1st Bn. Orders to 1st Bn from Chalk 6. Follow about 300 or 400 yards. If visibility is good, fall back as far as 500 yards. Time of departure 230830. 257th FA Bn is direct support.

   
 

Code names given the following towns: Hautbellain-to be called Mexico, Huldange to be called Peru. Woods to known as Desert.

   

0710

Report from Lt. Mullet; Reached Mexico, Arty falling to my South.

   

0745

MSG from Patrol; Mexico OK advise trip there.

   

0750

MSG from Patrol: Have checked Mexico; our friends left last night at 2200.

   

0830

Advance CP group departed for new location in Mexico.

   

1000

Mexico received heavy Arty fire. 2nd Bn held up. Told not to enter under those conditions.

   

1100

Chalk Red ordered to hold up and send Ln O. to our temp. CP located at 725745.

   

1120

Col Stubbs left for town. Will keep contact with us.

   

1125

Chalk Red 6 arrived at CP. 2nd Bn ordered to send on Co. into Mexico to clean up.

   

1415

Moved temp. CP back into the town of Mexico. 2nd Bn moving into town of Mexico. No Arty shelling for some time. Ordered to put out extensive patrolling.

   

1420

Maj. Lee departed to look over Mexico for possible CP location.

   

1540

Chalk 3 does not advise us to move CP location fwd. CP to remain as is. Both Bns in woods, 2nd Bn has progressive patrols out beyond Mexico.

   

1730

Lt. Piper returned to fwd CP. Reported findings to Chalk 6 and 3.

   

1815

Chalk 3 requests information as to Chalk White's front Lines, so as toplace Arty defensive fire down on enemy area.

   

1820

Received new atk order for 24 Jan 45. Regt has new mission. Chalk White Bn. will lead off at approx 0830.

 

Chalk 6 sending I&R patrol to reconnoiter areas.

1905

Chalk White 2 reports capture of ten PWs from patrol, also have some No. Unknwon

   

1950

PWE located at Steinback.

   

1950

French patrol brought back 9 PWs. Reports approx 120 Germans in town of Peru.

 

PWs being sent to rear CP for Interrogation. Peru to be shelled.

1800

3 man patrol from E Co. went into Desert, found it empty. Many emplacements found. Wattermat burning saw French running out of woods there.

   

2130

Chalk White reports Arty, Rockets landing within area.

   

2130

Chalk 6 requests Chalk White 6 & 3 report to CP.

   

2155

French patrol discovered Co CP at farm called Fallmuhle. Estimate 200 Germans at Peru. Captured 4 PWs of 12 man patrol.

 

After 2400 Arty to be concentrated on Peru.

INSERT

     

1630

Dog White patrol captured 10 PWs at 747751. 10 more at 750760. Reports skirmish between French and Germans in Desert.

   

1800

French Recon patrol reports Peru strongly held (150 men) captured 9 PWs in skirmish vicinity 765749, report road mined between Mexico and Peru, bridges blown at 748744 and 752745.

   

2130

Red contact patrol to Chancellor at 2115, left security posted at 2130. Right security at 2120.

   

2145

Commodore 2 IPW information: PWs state they are to hold at all costs. AT Co. located in vicinity of Wattermatt. 560th VG recognized.

   

2400

Chalk White 2 reports shelling NWR's fire.

   

24 Jan 45

     

0010

Route patrol back. Reports road to Peru excellent. Small group of enemy in woods 756750.

   

0200

Chalk White 5 reports estimated 12 rounds 75s fell in their sector.

   

0428

Chalk White 2 reports Arty landing CP area TD lines to unit out.

   

0515

Commodore 3 called: Our mission called off. We are to hold tight. Commodore 6 will visit our CP at 0830.

   

0715

Report from Arty unit will fire on Peru again this morning.

   

0845

Casualties from Chalk White: 1 KIA, 1 WIA, 12 evac for various ailments.

   

1010

Chalk White patrol leader reports PWs taken at 749752 at 0930. Patrol continued into woods. Chalk White OP reports 1 man left woods at 759751 and went into Bldg at 760-755.

   

1030

Chancellor reports snipers in the Desert. Notified patrol.

   

1215

Orders recd to attack. Sending out strong combat patrol. Chalk White Bn will move forward. Requesting Arty to be prepared to support our advance.

   

1300

Chalk White patrol recd heavy Arty fire.

 

Concentrating Arty on direction of enemy fire.

1410

Reports from Chalk White Patrol: 20men running away from Desert.

   

1440

E Co. no winto obj. Alerted balance of Chalk White Bn.

   

1445

Having Tank support move with 2nd Bn.

   

1500

1 Bn of 513th in our Obj in woods. Col Stubbs ordered 2d Bn move up immediately. Forward element of Chalk White still receiving Arty fire.

 

Chalk White moving out at 1515.

1515

Chalk 6 alerted Chalk Red. Commodore 66 arrived at CP. Consulted with Chalk 6. Enemy firing WP on patrol.

   

1615

Friendly Arty fire fell on our troops at following points: 721-745 - 5 rds, 736-742 - 8 to 10 rds, 726-746 - 10 Rds, 741-747 - several rds.

 

Instructed Ln O 274th to stop same. He notified his unit. Firing stopped approx 1715.

1730

Rear echelon of CP arrived.

   

1745

Ln O from Commodore brought in plans for tomorrows operation. 193d will support by fire the 194th in their atack on Hundange at 0800.

   

1800

D and E Co. in woods. F Co just passed N part of town.

 

Chalk 6 ordered Chalk Red to start movement.

1830

Report that Arty is falling short of Chalk White ahead of Desert. Foot elements of Regt Hq departed for new location.

   

1845

Commodore: You will estab two rd blocks as soon as possible at following pts: Phony Cord 424-432 and 424-449.

   

1850

Give location or locations by phony cord of any Arty falling near your position.

   

1925

MSG from Chalk Red: We have passed thru Mexico (1916).

   

1926

From Chalk Red: (1918) Friendly Arty falling on our troops.

   

2000

Advance CP group departed for new area.

   

2145

Arrived at destination in woods. Waited for rear CP personnel and Hq Co to arrive. Estab Chalk CP at approx 2400.

   

0800

Bns in position awaiting future enemy action. Had patrols sent out. Neg Rept.

   

1000

Recd orders that the Div was reld in that sector. Prepare for movement to assembly area.

   

1130

Quartering party fr ea Bns and Regtl Hq departed for new location.

   

1145

Advance CP group moved out to estab new CP in assembly area.

   

26 Jan 45

     

0600

Quartering party departed for Div. Hq.

   

1200

Advance CP grp left for new area. Div to relieve 26th Div. Troops following by truck convoy.

   

1900

Estab Regtl CP in Wiltz. Regtl Hq arrived at 2400. Bns also housed in Wiltz. Awaited further orders.

   

27 Jan 45

     

0900

Maj Lee departed for Div Hq. Sent MSG back to be prepared to move. We are to relieve elements of the 80th Div. Col left for conference with CG.

   

1615

Advance CP group departed for new location. Arrived at approx 0800. Estab CP in Buckholz.

   

2400

Hq & Hq Co arrive. Chalk White Bn sent patrol to investigate town of Hosingen. No enemy found, but many mines, booby traps. Second patrol of 25 men sent into same town.

   

28 Jan 45

     

0920

From Commodore 5: Have tanks arrived? In any event be prepared to Attack at 1000 on Div. order.

 

Msg to Com 5: Tanks arrived but movement restricted because of mines. Engrs urgently needed.

0950

Second patrol of Chalk White found town empty. Civilians state enemy departed 280200.

 

F Co going into town to set up defense.

1130

Gen Miley visited CP, plan of Chalk discussed.

   

1300

Capt Hughes, 5th Div, visited CP ref to disposition of our troops.

   

1440

From Chalk White 6: Receiving 1 rd of Arty per minute in So Sector. F Co captured 3 prisoners.

 

Being interrogated.

1520

Capt from 6th Cal Rcn reptd to CP, consulted Chalk 6 as to our positions.

   

29 Jan 45

     

0800

Pattrol ent out last evening reported enemy located at 834583. Fired upon. Lt Piper reported same. Unabe to advance. Estab OP. Enemy on hills Jack and Ace.

   

0930

Lt Col from 6th Cal Rcn reptd to CP to check on positions now held by us - to be taken over.

 

Info given.

0935

Chalk 6 held meeting with Chalk Red and White 6.

   

1220

Commodore 66 arrived at CP - talked over dispositions and plans for further oper.

   

1245

Chalk White reports that Right Regt is tking PWs from woods 825-575 - 835-575 at approx 0950.

   

1300

Report on PWs taken from Hosinger - Time 0900. PWs from Hq Co 988 VG Regt, 276th Div.

   

1300

Col & Lt Col of 6th Cal Rcn gp visited Chalk CP.

   

1400

Chalk Red and White attacking their obj as shown on situation map.

   

1615

Enemy withdraws down drak E from Ace. Arty and mortar fire on N side of Ace (840-579).

   

1648

Chalk White nearing knoll - being hit with heavy arty and mortar fire.

   

1630

Northern obj abandoned, 18 wounded out of 20 that were engaged. Met by very heavy MG and Arty fire.

   

1740

Chalk White failed in attempt to take obj. Arty and mortar fire coming from Siegfried Line. 11 losses. Situation: Line of departure just N of King into woods thru draw, curve of woods. Time of withdrawal 1730. 30 men with Lt. Christianson could not cross open ground. Bn assisted by tanks which fired into woods. Encountered little small arms fire. Advance stopped by Arty and mortar fire which fell in rolling barrages. F and D Co recd fire at same time. Ace position was smoked by 4.2 mortars to cloud observer but failed help. Believe mortar observer located at Jack. Casualties: 15 wounded.

   

2200

Patrol from 6th Cav departed on recon at 1930. Recon being made in Southern sector. Patrol from Chalk departing at 0300 for recon of Northern Sector.

 

Arty to be notified on return of patrol. Will put harassing fire on enemy CP and mortar positions. Arty to cross fire in N sector during mission of Chalk Patrol.

30 Jan 45

     

0130

Report on Hammer White patrol: Started down rd E from H, oved down trail paralleling rd at 832-580, then down trail. Saw 1 Teller mine 848-576, continued down rd saw telephone line, followed it N up across main rd where considerable talking and milling around was observed at 851-579. One German observed on main rd at 840-580, he walked down and turned in to suspected CP. One truck heard moving on road across R SE of Obsr Eisenbach at 2130. Amber flares observed to SE across river.

   

0630

Report from Div Recon patrol: Moved down rd to Queen, encountered 12 man enemy patrol at 837-593, both dispersed, fired on by rifles from draw to NE and by MG from vicinity 847-592. Observed something burning vicinity of Honicht. Same flames at 2300.

   

0730

Report from Chalk Patrol: Patrol departed 0300. Moved along edge of woods at 828-589, continued E down draw to point S of hill at 843-593. Between 0400 and 0500 very much enemy activity, coughing, cracking brush, barking signal in woods along draw. Observed amber flash signals from vicinity hill 840-597. Trail at 543-590 has well-traveled foot path. Amber flare signal seen vicinity house at 543-590. Single truck heard moving vicinity rd at 845-596 and 847-584. At 0600 retd found emplacement and MG along hedgerow at 836-592.

   

1000

Gen Whitelaw visited CP, discussed situation with Chalk 6. Departed 1045.

   

1320

28th Cal gp have taken hill Ace, setting up OP.

   

1335

Alerted Lt. Piper and 2 men to be ready to move out to recon areas.

 

Sent pers from Chalk White to gd Op on Jake.

1800

Col Day called - plans to send 2 patrols out, cross river, enter town, will depart at approx 2000.

   

1805

No rept from Lt. Piper, trying to contact him.

   

1900

From Commodore: Convoy of enemy vehicles in vicinity of Basburg, believed to be moving S along highway. Verified by Lt. Piper at fwd OP. He believes convoy moving N to S - reptd by Lt. Piper at 1930.

 

Chelsea placing interdiction and harassing fire. 4 rds per hr CR and vicinity.

1500

Red patrol oriented for patrol mission to observe N sector to River Our and opposite bank and Westwall defenses. Patrol to start at 2300. Blue patrol to move through central sector of Chalk to move into forward OP to observe river. Patrol to start 2400.

   

2300

Div Recon patrol encountered 15 man enemy patrol to our north. Killed 9 and caused remaining group to disperse.

   

31 Jan 45

     

0830

Chalk OP at point 842-590 heard German voices from vicinity of draw 843-584.

   

1012

Rifle and MG fire heard by OP approx 1000 yds distance at 60 degree azimuth.

   

1310

Report from OP on Jack: Saw a 5-man enemy patrol moving East.

   

1415

Chalk White Relieved. Departed for Wiltz. Gen Whitelaw visited CP.

   

1530

Advance CP group departed for Wiltz.

   
                                  M. G. STUBBS

Colonel, Infantry

Commanding

GLOSSARY

CHALK RED - First Battalion, consisting of A, B, and C Companies

CHALK WHITE - Second Battalion, consisting of D, E, and F Companies

CT - Combat Team

SA - Small Arms (fire)

CCA - Combat Command A

Regt - Regiment, Regimental

Hqs - Headquarters

Bn - Battalion, battalions

Div - Division

GIR - Glider Infantry Regiment

PIR - Parachute Infantry Regiment

Inf - Infantry

Eng - Engineers

CO - Commanding Officer

PW - Prisoners of War

TF - Task Force

CG - Commanding General

MG - Machine Gun

OP - Observation Post




books
R E L A T E D   B O O K S

Ambrose, Stephen E D-DAY June 6,1944: The Climatic Battle of WW II. 6/93, Simon & Shuster ISBN: 0671673343
Badsey , Stephen & Chandler, David G (Editor)  Arnhem 1944: Operation "Market Garden" (Campaign No.24) 1993 96p. ISBN: 1855323028
Black, Wallace B.& Blashfield, Jean F. Battle of the Bulge (World War II 50th Anniversary Series). Crestwood House, 48 pp May,1993 ISBN: 0896865681
Blair, Jr, Clay Ridgeway's Paratroopers: The American Airborne in WW II. New York: Doubleday, 1985 588 p. ISBN: 0385278888
Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, 1989 621 p. ISBN: 0-312-03350-8
D'Este, Carlo  Patton: A Genius for War 1024 pp ISBN: 0060927623
De Trez, Michel  At the Point of No Return : Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers in the Invasion of Normandy 7/98, D-Day Pub, 200 p. ISBN: 2960017617
Gavin, James M.  On to Berlin : Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946 ISBN: 0670525170
Golden, Lewis Echoes From Arnhem Penguin ISBN: 0718305213
Kormann, John G  Echoes of a Distant Clarion: Recollections of a Diplomat and Soldier Vellum (P), 520 p. ISBN: 0979448832
MacDonald, Charles B  A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow & Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574
McKenzie, John  On Time, On Target Novato, CA: Presidio, May 15,2000. 304 p. ISBN: 089 141 714 1
Ryan, Cornelius  A Bridge Too Far 670p. ISBN: 0684803305
Wildman, John B All Americans 82nd Airborne. Meadowlands Militaria, 6/83 ISBN:091 208 1007
The Center of Military History The War in the Mediterranean: A WWII Pictorial History Brasseys, Inc., 465 p. ISBN:1574881302
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