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3rd Battalion Crest



The 319th Glider Field Artillery Battalion
Memories


Memories of the 319th GFAB

by
Sgt. Mahlon Sebring, A Battery
submitted by Greg Sebring.

Sgt Mahlon E Sebring Dad (Sgt. Mahlon Sebring; pictured left) sat in the co-pilots seat of the CG4A glider going into Holland (Operation Market Garden). He was assigned there because prior to his enlistment, he worked at the B-24 Liberator plant in Willow Run, MI where he installed the de-icing boots on the front edge of the stabilizers and some interior wiring. The rational they used to put Dad in the right seat was they told him you worked on bombers so you have more airplane experience than anyone else here!!

On the inbound flight the tow rope between the glider and the C-47 was made out of nylon and stretched considerably. Coiled around the tow rope was a communication wire that allowed the glider to talk to the tow plane. My father had the headphones on and when the flak started coming up heavy, the tow planes increased speed to the point they were flying faster than the loaded gliders were designed for. The vibrations were shaking the gliders severely. He told the tow pilot to slow down as their airspeed was in the red and the glider was badly shaking. The pilot responded,"You're coming with us so hang on". A flak shell burst between them and the tow plane and a piece of it struck the tow rope causing it to unwind a bit.

They were able to release the tow rope and glide down toward the landing area. Dad said the pilot appeared to freeze up a bit as they were landing in a field with an approaching tree line and there wasn't enough room to safely land. So, when Dad saw the pilot not taking corrective action, he grabbed the wheel yoke and pulled it back all the way. Luckily, they had enough airspeed to climb up over the treeline then stall and sort of pancake into the adjacent field. Upon landing, the glider was not in trim and side skidded to a stop with the runners cutting a nice shallow trench before stopping. This was fortunate because it gave them some cover from the Germans who were spraying the field with machine gun fire.

heir objectives were to secure the bridges at Nijmegen and Grave. The 319th fired 34,000 rounds of 75mm from their pack howitzers during the Holland campaign and was awarded the "Order of William" (Orange lanyard) to be worn of their uniforms.

The medals thatwere awarded to my father were all common: ETO campaign ribbon with one invasion arrowhead and four battle stars, the Good Conduct Medal, an Army of occupation medal with "Berlin" clasp, and the WWII Victory medal. He qualified for the Purple Heart due to catching some shrapnel in his butt but never turned the paperwork after treatment to the Aid Station to get credit for it. He said he felt embarrassed at the time to get a medal for something like that.

In retrospect, he wishes he did receive it as all awards were worth so many points and the guys with the highest point total got to come home first. Dad made it through the Bulge and crossed the Rhine near Cologne before meeting the Russians at Ludwigslust. He finished his tour in Berlin harassing the Russians like you wouldn't believe.

contributed by his son,

Greg Sebring



More Memories of the 319th GFAB

by
Mike Ingrisano
submitted by Todd Gibson.

My grandfather was part of the 319th Glider Field Artillery Battalion in WW II. In the photo - my grandfather is the guy holding the machete next to the flag. This is a fairly well-known photo, used in at least two history books I know of, as well as HBO's "We Stand Alone Together" (Band of Brothers documentary). In addition, here is a story from a pilot about my grandfather's glider crash in Operation Market Garden (the author, Mike Ingrisano witnessed the event - small world):

D+1: Monday, September 18, 1944: Glider Tow:

The 316th was led in Serial A-42 by the 37th, chalk numbers 1 through 20, followed by the 44th, chalk numbers 21 through 42. They towed 42 CG-4A gliders which, in addition to the glider pilots, carried 175 troops, 2 photographers, 21 jeeps, two 75mm howitzers 4266 pounds of ammunition and 13532 pounds of combat equipment.Lift-off from Cottesmore was 1135 hours for the serial's designated LZ (Landing Zone) just northeast of Groesbeek, Holland.

While on course and about sixteen minutes from the English coast, the 37th TCS glider number 43-36654, chalk number 6A, piloted by F/O (Flight Officer) Benson J. Reed became detached from aircraft serial number 43-15509, chalk number 6, piloted by Robert H. Koon. The glider landed in the English Channel and the glider pilot and five men of the 82nd were picked up within two minutes by the air-sea rescue service. The glider with its 2075 pounds of equipment, including a trailer, was not recovered. The tow plane returned to Cottesmore where the pilot and co-pilot provided the information surrounding the necessity for ditching.

F/O Reed supplied these details of the rescue.

About 30 miles east of Great Yarmouth, the GP reported that he was experiencing extreme difficulty controlling the glider as it swerved off course at a severe angle. The GP cut loose from the tow plane. Then only after losing sufficient speed was he able to control his glider. He brought the glider down at 50 MPH. The tail of the glider hit the water several times and a large wave swelled directly in front of the glider. Fortunately, since the pilot saw an air-rescue service craft in the vicinity, the landed close to the craft. The pilot broke through the window on the left side; one passenger tore a hole through the top; one went out the emergency door and the rest escaped through the back door. The GP received an abrasion on the lower lip and swelling on his forehead and side of his head. One passenger suffered a broken nose, another several broken ribs, and the rest were badly shaken up. Reed returned to Cottesmore on September 20, having lost a pair of OD pants, heavy underwear, jump jacket, two pairs of socks, helmet, musette bag, one escape kit, a Thompson machine gun, and 45-caliber pistol. (Intelligence Report of a Ditched Glider, prepared by Lt. Robert Roman Intelligence officer, 37th TCS, Sept. 22, 1944. (Condensed by the writer in Chapter 8, "Market", VALOR WITHOUT ARMS, A HISTORY OF THE 316TH TROOP CARRIER GROUP, 1942-1945 by Mike Ingrisano).

Lt. John Eskoff, 319th Glider Field Artillery battalion, was on Reed's glider. He reported that:

Our take-of on D+1 and the flight to the English Channel was uneventful. The load was well balanced and the air was smooth. Shortly after leaving the shores of England, several British bombers (Stirlings, I believe, MI), towing gliders, passed under our glider a few hundred feet below. The prop wash (turbulence) rocked our glider and gave me an uneasy feeling. Suddenly our glider swooped upward and to the right. I heard a sharp snap and saw the tow rope "going away." The pilot dived out of formation to clear the way for those following. I had the men remove our equipment and kick off the emergency doors. I called off air speed and altitude for the pilot. We braced ourselves and landed head on into a wave at 75 mph. Water filled the compartment immediately. I swam and pulled myself to the emergency door. When I came up on the outside I saw five heads so I knew that all of us were out of the glider. A Royal Air Force Sea Rescue launch was pulling up beside us. We crashed at 1318 hours, 18 miles from the coast of England. By 1330 hours we were all aboard the rescue launch. Dry clothes, medical attention, hot soup, sandwiches and cigarettes were furnished. We landed at Yarmouth, England at 2115. One man had been injured slightly. (THE HISTORY OF THE 319TH GLIDER FIELD ARTILLERY BATTALION, WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 13, 1944 TO MONDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1944. Enclosure number 1.Signed John Eskoff, Lt. 319th Glider FA Bn, Glider # 6. Also now included in my Chapter 8).

Unfortunately, Lt. Eskoff does not name his crew members. Incidentally, my aircraft was towing Chalk Number 7, which means that we were leading a two glider element behind and to the left of #6. SMALL WORLD! I think you will find that your grandfather went down in the English Channel, heading toward Holland. I may be wrong because it might have been close to the North Sea.

Hope you enjoy the account. It happened that way. Believe me! Take care!

Mike Ingrisano





books
R E L A T E D   B O O K S

Ambrose, Stephen E D-DAY June 6,1944: The Climatic Battle of WW II. 6/93, Simon & Shuster ISBN: 0671673343
Badsey , Stephen & Chandler, David G (Editor)  Arnhem 1944: Operation "Market Garden" (Campaign No.24) 1993 96p. ISBN: 1855323028
Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, 1989 621 p. ISBN: 0-312-03350-8
Covais, Joseph S Battery: C. Lenton Sartain and the Airborne GIs of the 319th Glider Field Artillery. CreateSpace, 9/2011 586 p. ISBN: 1463578318
D'Este, Carlo  Patton: A Genius for War 1024 pp ISBN: 0060927623
De Trez, Michel  At the Point of No Return : Pictorial History of the American Paratroopers in the Invasion of Normandy 7/98, D-Day Pub, 200 p. ISBN: 2960017617
Gavin, James M.  On to Berlin : Battles of an Airborne Commander, 1943-1946 ISBN: 0670525170
Golden, Lewis Echoes From Arnhem Penguin ISBN: 0718305213
Ingrisano, Michael N. Jr And Nothing is Said: Wartime Letters, August 15, 1943 - April 21, 1945 Sunflower University Press, Sept 2002, 540p. ISBN: 0897452631
MacDonald, Charles B  A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow & Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574
Masters, Charles J.  Glidermen of Neptune: The American D-Day Glider Attack  Southern Illinois Univ Press, ISBN:0809320088
McKenzie, John  On Time, On Target Novato, CA: Presidio, May 15,2000. 304 p. ISBN: 089 141 714 1
Nigl, Dr Alfred J & Charles A Nigl  Silent Wings - Savage Death Santa Ana, CA: Graphic Publishing, Dec 3,2007. 288 p. ISBN: 1882824318
Ryan, Cornelius  A Bridge Too Far 670p. ISBN: 0684803305
Tucker, William H.  "Rendez-vous at Rochelinval" Battle of the Bulge  International Airborne Books,Harwichport, MS, ISBN:0-9647683-2-1
Wildman, John B All Americans 82nd Airborne. Meadowlands Militaria, 6/83 ISBN:091 208 1007
The Center of Military History The War in the Mediterranean: A WWII Pictorial History Brasseys, Inc., 465 p. ISBN:1574881302

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