Major William E Barfield CO 326th Med Co
Distinguished Service Cross(DSC) Recipient
Pvt George A Whitfield
Bronze Star Recipient
Pfc Robert H Breth
Capt Jacob Pearl
1/Lt George V Evans
1/Lt Everett C Vogt
The 326th Medical Company - 101st Airborne Division
he 326th Medical Company was initially constituted 23 July 1918 as the 326th Sanitary Train, an element of the 101st
Division, National Army. It was demobilized 11 December 1918, then
reconstituted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on 24 June 1921 as the 326th Medical Regiment, again as part of the 101st Division but allotted to the organized reserves.
30 January 1942, the Regiment was redesignated the 326th
Medical Battalion, 101st Division. On 15 August 1942, the
battalion was withdrawn from the organized reserve and allotted to the
army of the United States, with the current reorganization and redesignation as the 326th Airborne Medical Company.
The unit was activated
at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, as element of the newly organized 101st
Airborne Division and deployed with the division in 1943, in preparation for the invasion of Europe in 1944.
The 326th Airborne Medical Company was
the organic medical unit that supported the 101st Airborne Division
during its operations in World War II. As the size and structure
of the airborne division changed during the war, the airborne medical
company grew from a strength
of 20 officers and 195 enlisted men in September 1942 to 27
officers and 273 enlisted men in December 1944. The company was
organized into a company headquarters, several service sections, and
three platoons which carried out the same functions as the clearing and
collecting companies in the medical battalion of an infantry
division. Each platoon had litter bearer, ambulance, and
treatment sections and supported one of the division's parachute or
glider infantry regiments during operations.
On 18 December
1944, the Division was hastily transported to Bastogne, Belgium, to help stop the German Ardennes Offensive, " The Battle of the Bulge". On 19 December 1944, 18 officers and 125 Enlisted Men of the Division Clearing Company were captured by elements of the German 1st SS Panzer. Even with this loss the 326th provided medical support throughout the division's magnificent defense of Bastogne against four German Divisions and elements of three others.
Afterward, the 326th
supported the division during the remainder of the conflict in Europe,
until it was deactivated on 30 November 1945 at Auxerre, France.
(* For a comprehensive history of the 326th Airborne Medical Company see WW 2 Medical Research Center )
R E L A T E D B O O K S
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